Liver cancer happens when normal cells within the liver turn into abnormal cells and grow out of control. The liver is a huge organ within the upper right side of the belly.
Most people who get cancer of the liver have long-term disease (also known as chronic liver disease). Having long-term liver disease will increase an individual’s possibilities of getting liver cancer. the most common and most serious kind of long-term liver disease is a condition known as “cirrhosis,” that scars the liver.
Liver cancer doesn’t typically cause any symptoms of its own. some patients might have a lump or mild pain within the upper belly, feel full too soon after they try to eat, or reduce weight.Others might have symptoms that are caused by the liver disease that they had before they got cancer. Those symptoms can intensify or return due to the cancer. They include:
- Swelling of the belly or legs
- The skin or white part of the eyes turns yellow
If you’ve got these symptoms, tell your doctor.
Yes. If your doctor suspects you’ve got liver cancer, he or she will do one or more of the subsequent tests:
- Blood tests
- An MRI scan, CT scan, ultrasound, or other imaging test – Imaging tests produce photoes of the inside of the body and may show abnormal growths.
- Biopsy – For this test, a doctor will take away a small sample of tissue from the liver. Another doctor will examine the sample under a microscope to ascertain if it’s cancer.
Cancer staging is a way in which doctors determine if a cancer has spread past the layer of tissue where it began and, if so, how far.
- Liver cancer are often treated in several ways. Treatment will be depending on the stage of your cancer. It conjointly depends on how healthy your liver is (in other words, how serious your liver disease was before you got cancer). the various treatments include:
- Surgery – Liver carcinoma can typically be treated with surgery to get rid of the part of the liver with the cancer.
- Liver transplant – A liver transplant is a kind of surgery within which a doctor replaces a diseased liver with a healthy liver from another person.
- Ablation therapy – Ablation therapy is a procedure which can kill cancer cells within the liver. It doesn’t involve surgery. Doctors can do ablation therapy in several ways. they can kill the cancer cells using heat, a laser, radiation, or by injecting a special alcohol directly into the cancer.
- Blocking the cancer’s blood supply – Doctors can do a procedure known as “embolization” to block off the vessel that sends blood to the cancer. This method keeps the disease from growing by “starving” it of its blood supply. Sometimes, the embolization procedure is collectively done with chemotherapy (“chemoembolization”) or radiation (“radioembolization”).
- Chemotherapy – chemotherapy is the medical term used for medications that kill cancer cells or prevent them from growing.
After treatment, you’ll be checked every so often to ascertain if the cancer comes back. Regular follow up tests sometimes include exams, blood tests, and imaging tests.
You should also notice the symptoms listed above. Having those symptoms might mean the cancer has returned. Tell your doctor if you’ve got any symptoms.
If you had a liver transplant, you’ll have to be compelled to take medicines known as “anti-rejection medicines” for the rest of your life. These medicines help to keep your body from reacting badly to your new liver.
If the cancer comes back or spreads, your doctor will talk with you regarding possible treatment choices. These may include the treatments listed above.
It is necessary to follow all of your doctor’s directions concerning visits and tests. it is also necessary to speak to your doctor concerning any side effects or issues you’ve got throughout treatment. those that have liver disease, particularly if they have long-term disease, ought to avoid alcohol and any medicine that could be harmful to the liver.
Getting treated for liver disease involves making several decisions, like what treatment to have.
Always let your doctors know how you are feeling about a treatment. Any time you’re offered a treatment, ask:
- What are the advantages of this treatment? Is it likely to help me live longer? will it reduce or prevent symptoms?
- What are the downsides to the current treatment?
- Are there alternative choices besides this treatment?
- What happens if I don’t have this treatment?