- Ulcerative colitis
- Infective colitis
- Crohn’s disease
- Colon polyps & cancer
A colonoscopy is a test that looks at the inner lining of a person’s large intestine. The large intestine is also called the colon.
Your doctor might order a colonoscopy if you have:
Before a colonoscopy, do not eat or drink(even water) anything for at least 5-6 hours.
You are allowed to take your regular morning doses of medicines for high blood pressure & thyroid problems. However, morning medicines/insulin for diabetes should not be taken, as you will be fasting.
The colon needs to be cleaned out before a colonoscopy. Your doctor will provide you a special drink that causes watery diarrhoea. It is important to drink all of it to make sure your colon is clean. If your colon is clean your doctor will get a better look at the inside lining of the colon. A clean colon also makes the test easier to do and more comfortable. Let your doctor know if you have trouble getting ready for your colonoscopy.
On the day of your procedure:
No, the procedure is painless.
Oh, no. You have been given a sedative injection. So, to drive you home after the colonoscopy, you will need to bring a responsible adult with you. You should not drive or operate machinery for the rest of the day of the procedure to ensure that the sedative effects have worn off.
The procedure is very safe, however, few of the risks of an colonoscopy are: bleeding, perforation of the colon, and abnormal reaction to the medicines used for sedation.
Screening for cancer aims to detect cancer at an early stage so it can be treated better. Doctors recommend that the majority of people begin having colon cancer screening at age 50. Some people have an increased chance of getting colon cancer, because of a strong family record or certain medical conditions. These people may begin screening at a younger age.