Stomach cancer happens when normal cells within the stomach change into abnormal cells and grow out of control. The stomach is part of the digestive system. There are different types of stomach cancer, depending upon the kind of cells and a part of the stomach involved.
Some people who get stomach cancer have a condition called H. pylori infection. H. pylori may be a form of bacteria that can infect the stomach and intestines. Infection with H. pylori sometimes causes symptoms such as belly pain, bloating, nausea, or vomiting. If it is not treated, it can result in stomach cancer.
Early on, stomach cancer might not cause any symptoms. When stomach cancer causes symptoms, they can include:
All of these symptoms can also be caused by conditions that aren’t stomach cancer. But if you have these symptoms, tell your Gastroenterologist.
Yes. Tests for stomach cancer can include:
Your Gastroenterologist will also check for H. pylori infection. Gastroenterologists can do this in several ways. They include looking at a stomach biopsy or doing breathe tests, blood tests, or other lab tests.
Cancer staging is a way in which Gastroenterologists find out if a cancer has spread past the layer of tissue where it began, and, if so, how far.
The right treatment for you will depend a lot on the type and stage of your stomach cancer and your other medical problems.
Stomach cancer is usually treated with one or more of the following:
Stomach cancer can sometimes be cured with treatment. This is possibly when the cancer is found at an early stage. But, often, stomach cancer is not found at an early stage. If your stomach cancer can’t be cured, your Gastroenterologist can do other treatments to assist with your symptoms.
If you have H. pylori infection, your Gastroenterologist will treat it with medicines. This usually involves taking 3 or more medicines for 1 to 2 weeks. Taking medicine for H. pylori infection will not get rid of your cancer. But it might lower the chances that your cancer will come back again in the future, after treatment.