Achalasia is a condition that affects the oesophagus. The oesophagus is a tube that moves food from the mouth to the abdomen. At the lower end of the oesophagus, where it connects to the tummy, there’s a muscle known as the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), as per achalasia doctor. Once the LES tightens, food cannot move from the oesophagus into the abdomen. once the LES relaxes, food will move from the oesophagus into the abdomen.
When individuals have achalasia:
- The lower part of the oesophagus doesn’t work normally
- The LES does not relax, therefore food cannot get into the stomach(abdomen)