Every year on May 8th, International Thalassaemia Day commemorates thalassaemia patients who are no longer with us. According to the latest statistics, around 280 million people throughout the world have thalassaemia. About 439,000 have a severe form of the disease.
INTERNATIONAL THALASSAEMIA DAY HISTORY
What is Thalassaemia?
Thalassaemia is a genetic hemoglobin disorder. Hemoglobin is the iron-rich protein found in red blood cells. The function of hemoglobin is to transport oxygen via blood. A person with thalassaemia has less than normal amounts of hemoglobin. It usually requires multiple blood transfusions on regular basis.
What are the symptoms of Thalassaemia disease?
- Drowsiness and Fatigue
- Shortness of breath
- Delayed growth
- Jaundice and pale skin
- Dizziness and faintness
- Greater susceptibility to infections etc.
What is Objective of World Thalassaemia Day?
- If a person is suffering from thalassaemia, to raise awareness that before marriage it is important to consult a doctor.
- To raise awareness about the importance of vaccination for children’s health, society and the whole world.
- Redress misconceptions about vaccinations.
Dr Harsh Shah
Liver, Pancreas & Cancer specialist in Ahmedabad, India