What is ‘World Cancer Day’?
World Cancer Day is a worldwide observance that refers to raising people’s cancer awareness and avoiding, detecting or treating it. The festival takes place every year on February 4.
Various icons help to increase awareness of multiple forms of cancers. The pink ribbon, for example, symbolizes the recognition of breast cancer.
What is the theme of ‘World Cancer Day’ in 2021?
The theme is: ‘I Am And I Will’.
This World Cancer Day, we recognize that our commitment to act will lead to decisive progress in reducing cancer’s global impact.
‘I Am and I Will’ is an empowering call-to-action urging for personal commitment and represents the power of individual action taken now to impact the future.
What are the types of gastrointestinal cancers?
The following are the most common forms of GICs:
What are the symptoms of gastrointestinal cancers?
Most of the time, gastrointestinal cancer symptoms don’t occur until the tumour has become more advanced. Then they depend on the cancer form. Esophageal cancer patients may have trouble swallowing, and gastric cancer patients may develop symptoms similar to the ulcer (e.g., indigestion, loss of appetite, bloating and pain). Liver cancer or pancreas cancer may also lead to abdominal pain and colorectal cancer causes of bowel bleeding.
How are gastrointestinal cancers diagnosed?
If patients show signs and the doctor is justifiably suspicious of diagnosing gastrointestinal cancer, the following procedures may be performed:
- The esophagus, stomach and duodenum are screened for tumours by endoscopy or Esophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (EGD).
- Polyps in the colon that may become cancerous can be found by colonoscopy.
- Laboratory tests such as CEA, CA 19-9.
- Imaging tests (MRI, X-ray, ultrasound, CT scan or PET scan).
- Biopsy to collect and analyze an unidentified tissue sample for cancer cells.
How are gastrointestinal cancers treated?
Surgery involves complete removal of the tumour, along with surrounding tissue. An operation known as anastomosis may be carried out to replace the esophagus or stomach or intestinal function by connecting healthy regions. Part of liver & pancreas can be removed to get rid of cancer.
Certain cancers may require additional chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The same may be delivered either prior to or after the surgery.
Dr Harsh Shah
Liver, Pancreas & Cancer specialist Doctor in Ahmedabad, India