What Is the Liver?
Liver is the largest internal body organ. it’s located on the right side of the abdomen. It weighs approximately 1.5 kg in an adult.
What functions does your liver perform ?
Here are the functions of liver simplified.
- Proteins such as albumin, globulin & many more are produced by the liver. The proteins are important in many body functions.
- Food digestion: Liver produces bile, which mixes with food & helps the intestines to soak up the nutrients from it. Fat within food is especially absorbed with this mechanism.
- It stores excess body carbohydrate (Glucose) as glycogen. The glycogen is often later utilised when a personal is fasting.
- Production of clotting factors, which help to clot the blood instantly from any bodily wound.
- Filters toxic substances from the food, converts them into harmless products & excretes them into bile. Some toxic substances are converted to urea & excreted in urine.
- Filters ammonia, which is produced by bacteria within the intestine.
- Produces antibodies that fight against invading bacteria & viruses.
- Stores vitamins & minerals for later utilization by body cells. Liver stores Vit A,D,E,K, Vit B12, vitamin B, Vitamin C & more.
- Liver stores iron in ferritin form, which is later utilized for hemoglobin synthesis.
- Many medicines are activated by the liver, that helps them to act within our body. Similarly, many medicines are deactivated by the liver, which helps us to remove them from our body & reduce their side effects.
Dr Harsh Shah
Liver, Pancreas & Cancer specialist in Ahmedabad, India