Haemorrhoids, also known as piles, are swellings containing enlarged blood vessels that are found inside or around the bottom (the rectum and anus).
- bleeding after passing a stool (the blood is usually bright red)
- a lump hanging down outside of the anus, which may need to be pushed back in after passing a stool
- a mucus discharge after passing a stool
- soreness, redness and swelling around your anus
- Haemorrhoids aren’t usually painful, unless their blood supply slows down or is interrupted.
- age – as you get older, your body’s supporting tissues get weaker, increasing your risk of haemorrhoids
- having a family history of haemorrhoids
- regularly lifting heavy objects
- sitting down for long periods of time
Haemorrhoids can be treated by variety of techniques.
Banding: A rubber band is applied over base of haemorrhoid. This can be a out patient procedure. However, this is usually less favored technique.
Haemorrhoidectomy: Surgery to remove piles is called haemorrhoidectomy. Here the entire swollen tissue is removed & care taken to control blood from the removal site.