1. What are the main reasons for liver diseases?
- The first cause that comes to mind when human beings think about liver disease is drinking an excessive amount of alcohol—and they are right. Alcohol abuse is the leading risk factor for liver disease in the Major Countries.
- People who are obese or have diabetes are much more likely to have nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
- Any kind of hepatitis virus (hepatitis A, B, C, D or E) can also cause liver disease.
- Other causes are cancer, genetics and certain autoimmune disorders.
- Liver disease is also associated with different life-style choices, which means injecting drugs using shared needles, getting tattoos or body piercings at unhygienic shops, or having unprotected sex.
2. How much Alcohol drinking causes damage to my liver?
- Consuming three ounces (1 ounce = 28 gm) a day means drinking 6 cans of beer, 5 glasses of wine or 6 shots of liquor. Cirrhosisoccurs in about half of the people who drink more than 8 ounces of alcohol a day for 20 years.
- Generally speaking, the more and the longer people are drinking, the greater their risk of liver alcohol disease.
3.What should I avoid to keep my liver healthy ?
- Alcohol: Alcohol can harm liver cells. Alcohol is a major cause of fatty liver disease in addition to other liver diseases.
- Regular exercise, keeping weight under control
- Tight control of blood sugar & cholesterol with diet, exercise & medicines.
- Fatty foods: These contain fried foods, fast food, and takeout from many restaurants. Packaged snacks, chips, and nuts can also be surprisingly high in fats.
- Starchy foods: These contain bread, pasta, and desserts or baked goods.
- Sugar: Cutting back on sugar and sugary foods which include cereals, baked goods, and candies can also help reduce the stress on the liver.
- Salt: Simple methods to reduce salt intake include eating out less, avoiding canned meats or vegetables.