Colorectal Cancer is the 3rd most common cancer worldwide. Every year the month of March is celebrated as colorectal cancer awareness month to empower the patients, survivors and their family and to promote the awareness for its early detection and prevention.
Colorectal cancer or Bowel Cancer is the development of cancer from colon or rectum which are part of large intestine. It is also known as Rectal Cancer or Colon Cancer. Mostly Colorectal Cancer disease increases in people aged 50 and older. Early detection can help to prevent colorectal cancer.
- Lifestyle factors
- Obesity: being overweight can increase your risk of colorectal cancer.
- Diet: diet rich in red and processed meats may cause colorectal cancer risks. Healthy diet made up of fruits & vegetables helps to prevent colorectal cancer.
- Smoking & Alcohol: Smoking and heavy use of alcohol increases the risk of colorectal cancer.
- Genetic disorders – Family history of colon or rectal cancer
- Abdominal pain
- Blood in stools
- Change in bowel habits e.g. alternating constipation & diarrhoea
- Unexplained weight loss
It is necessary to diagnose the disease in an early stage so as to treat it & get the best possible result. Colonoscopy & biopsy is the first & confirmation test. CT scan will be performed to stage the disease.
Colorectal cancer treatment depends on how far the cancer has spread, location and size. Common treatments include surgery to remove the cancer, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
How to detect the cancer early ?
Screening for cancer should be done. It is recommended that after the age 50 years, one should undergo a colonoscopy. Colonoscopy is a test performed to look inside of your colon. This way the cancer can be detected at a very early stage & can be treated effectively. This procedure will be done every 10 yearly thereafter if no cancer is found on colonoscopy.
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